A-B

1hr

Stands for data for the past 1 hour.

 

24hr

Stands for data for the past 24 hours.

 

51% Attack

If more than half the computer power or mining hash rate on a network is run by a single person or a single group of people, then a 51% attack is in operation.

 

A

AMLD5

The European Union’s 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMDL5) is an update to the union’s Anti-Money Laundering (AML) framework.

 

API

API stands for Application Programming Interface. It is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. APIs specify how software components should interact, such as what data to use and what actions should be taken.

 

Address

A place where cryptocurrency can be sent to and from, in the form of a string of letters and numbers.

 

Air Gap

If data cannot be accessed, then it cannot be infected or corrupted — this is the concept of an air gap.

 

Airdrop

A marketing campaign that distributes a specific cryptocurrency or token to an audience.

 

Algorithm

A process or set of rules to be followed in problem-solving or calculation operations, usually by a computer.

 

All-Time-High (ATH)

The highest point (in price, in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history. *see All-Time-Low (ATL).

 

All-Time-Low (ATL)

The lowest point (in price, in market capitalization) that a cryptocurrency has been in history. *see All-Time-High (ATH).

 

Altcoin

As Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency that captured the world’s imagination, all other coins were subsequently termed “altcoins,” as in “alternative coins.”

 

Altcoin Trader

A person who trades cryptocurrencies alternative to Bitcoin.

 

Angel Investor

A person who financially backs a new business venture or startup.

 

Anonymous

Anonymity is when something is not known or named.

 

Anti-Fragile

A quality attached to an asset that means it performs better when exposed to volatility and shocks.

 

Anti-Money Laundering (AML)

A set of international laws enacted to curtail criminal organizations or individuals laundering money through cryptocurrencies into real-world cash.

 

Arbitrage

Arbitrage is the practice of quickly buying and selling the same asset in different markets to take advantage of price differences between the markets.

 

Ashdraked

The complete loss of a trader's total invested capital, specifically as a result of shorting Bitcoin.

 

Ask Price

The minimum price that a seller is willing to accept for an asset. The ask price is also sometimes referred to as the offer price.

 

Atomic Swap

The transfer of cryptocurrency from one party to another, without the use of an exchange or other intermediary.

 

Attestation Ledger

An attestation ledger is an account book designed to provide evidence of individual transactions. It is generally used to “attest” that a financial transaction took place, or to prove authenticity of transactions or products.

 

Audit

An audit is a process where developers inspect the underlying code and/or algorithm that compose systems and applications.

 

Automated Market Maker (AMM)

An automated market maker (AMM) is a system that provides liquidity to the exchange it operates in through automated trading.

 

B

 

BEP-2 (Binance Chain Tokenization Standard)

A technical standard for tokens on Binance Chain.

 

BEP-20

BEP-20 is a Binance Smart Chain token standard created with the intention of extending ERC-20.

 

Bag

Crypto slang for a large quantity of a specific cryptocurrency. Alternatively (but less frequently) used to refer to the contents of an individual's crypto portfolio.

 

Baking

Baking is a process that is used by Tezos in order to append new blocks of transactions onto its blockchain.

 

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

The BIS is an international financial institution that promotes global monetary stability.

 

Basket

A basket, when used in the cryptocurrency space, refers to a collection of digital currencies managed as a single asset.

 

Beacon Chain

A blockchain that coordinates shard chains, manages staking and the registry of validators in a PoS cryptocurrency, such as Ethereum 2.0.

 

Bear

Someone who believes that prices in a given market will decline over an extended period. Such a person might be referred to as “bearish.”

 

Bear Trap

The attempted manipulation of a specific cryptocurrency’s price, based on the coordinated activity of a group of traders.

 

Bearwhale

A bearwhale is a person who has a high number of cryptocurrencies and uses their massive account to drive the price down and profit out of it.

 

Bid-Ask Spread

Bid-ask spread is the difference between the highest price which a buyer is willing to pay for an asset as well as the lowest price that a seller is willing to accept.

 

Bit

A bit is a basic unit of information in computing.

 

Bitcoin ATM (BTM)

An automated teller machine (ATM or cashpoint) that allows the user to buy and sell Bitcoin.

 

Bitcoin Improvement Proposal (BIP)

The standard format for documents proposing changes to Bitcoin.

 

Bitcointalk

Bitcointalk is the most popular online forum dedicated to Bitcoin, cryptocurrency and blockchain technology.

 

Block

A file containing information on transactions completed during a given time period. Blocks are the constituent parts of a blockchain.

 

Block Reward

The coins awarded to a miner or group of miners for solving the cryptographic problem required to create a new block on a given blockchain.

 

Block Time

Block time refers to the approximate time it takes for a blockchain-based system to produce a new block.

 

Blockchain

A distributed ledger system. A sequence of blocks, or units of digital information, stored consecutively in a public database. The basis for cryptocurrencies.

 

Blockchain 1.0

Blockchain 1.0 is the first generation of blockchain technology, which focuses on cryptocurrency and decentralization.

 

Blockchain 3.0

Blockchain 3.0 is the final developmental stage of blockchain technology, which predicts global, institutional and enterprise adoption.

 

Blockchain Explorer

A blockchain explorer is simply a search engine allowing users to browse through blockchain records.

 

Bollinger Band

A tool developed by Bollinger to help in the recognition of systemic pattern recognition in prices; it is a band that is plotted two standard deviations away from the simple moving average, or exponential moving average in some cases.

 

Bounty

A cryptocurrency bounty is a reward users receive for performing tasks assigned by a given blockchain or project.

 

Brian Armstrong

Brian Armstrong is the founder of Coinbase, one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges in the United States.

 

 

Bridges

A blockchain bridge allows the seamless transfer of data or tokens between two different blockchain projects.

 

Bull

A person that is optimistic and confident that market prices will increase, this person is also known to be "bullish" about the market or price.

 

Bull Trap

A bull trap occurs when a steadily declining asset appears to reverse and go upward, but soon resumes its downward trend.

 

Burned

Cryptocurrency tokens or coins are considered “burned” when they have been purposely and permanently removed from circulation.

 

Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT)

Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT) is the property of a computer system that allows it to reach consensus regardless of the failure of some of its components.

 

Byzantine Generals’ Problem

A situation where communication that requires consensus on a single strategy from all members within a group or party cannot be trusted or verified.

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