An independent blockchain running its own network with its own technology and protocol.


Margin Trading

A practice where a trader uses borrowed funds from a broker to trade a cryptocurrency.



An area or arena, online or offline, in which commercial dealings are conducted.


Market Capitalization /MCAP

Total capitalization of a cryptocurrency’s price. It is one of the ways to rank the relative size of a cryptocurrency.


Market Maker, Market Taker

The maker places an order (to buy or sell at a quoted price), while a taker accepts that placed order (to execute the buy or sell at the quoted price)


Market Order/Market Buy/Market Sell

A purchase or sale of a cryptocurrency on an exchange at the current best available price.


Market Signal

Through signaling, market participants are essentially creating a volatile market which can help to point out the opportunities to the investors.



Masternodes are a server maintained by its owner, somewhat like full nodes, but with additional functionalities such as anonymizing transactions, clearing transactions, and participating in governance and voting.


Max Supply

The best approximation of the maximum amount of coins that will ever exist in the lifetime of the cryptocurrency.


Merkle Tree

A tree structure in cryptography, in which every leaf node is labelled with the hash of a data block and every non-leaf node is labelled with the cryptographic hash of the labels of its child nodes.



An online digital wallet that allows users to manage, transfer and receive Ethereum, operating as an extension to a regular browser.


MicroBitcoin (uBTC)

One millionth of a bitcoin or 0.000001 of a bitcoin. Often confused as a fork of Bitcoin.



A micropayment is essentially a small transaction that is carried out online and can be as small as a fraction of a cent.



Some cryptocurrencies have a system through which miners can be rewarded with newly-created cryptocurrencies for creating blocks through contributing their hash power. Cryptocurrencies with this ability to generate new cryptocurrencies through the process of confirmation is said to be mineable.



Contributors to a blockchain taking part in the process of mining. They can be professional miners or organizations with large-scale operations, or hobbyists who set up mining rigs at home or in the office.



A process where blocks are added to a blockchain, verifying transactions. It is also the process through which new bitcoin or some altcoins are created.


Mining Contract

Another term for cloud mining, where users can rent or invest in mining capacity online.


Mining Farm

A mining farm is when a group of miners mine together for a variety of advantageous reasons, like energy use.


Mining Pool

An arrangement where a number of miners pool their resources to increase their chances of finding the next block.


Mining Rewards

Mining rewards are the rewards that crypto miners receive for mining a new block on the blockchain.


Mobile Wallet

A mobile wallet is a crypto wallet installed on a mobile device.


Money Laundering

Money laundering is a technique used for illegal businesses to hide their money from the authorities.



A situation where there is a continuous upward movement in the price of a cryptocurrency.


Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

A technical analysis method.


Multi-Signature (Multi-Sig)

An added layer of security by requiring more than one key to authorize a transaction.





A network refers to all nodes in the operation of a blockchain at any given moment in time.



The most basic unit of blockchain infrastructure that stores data.


Non-Fungible Token

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are cryptocurrencies that do not possess the property of fungibility.



When a transaction is hashed by a miner, an arbitrary number meant to be used only once is generated, called a nonce.




Offline Storage

The act of storing cryptocurrencies in devices or systems not connected to the internet.



Transactions that are recorded on the blockchain itself and shared with all of the participants are done on-chain.


On-Ledger Currency

A currency that is both minted on the blockchain ledger and also used on the blockchain ledger, such as Bitcoin.


Online Storage

The act of storing cryptocurrencies in devices or systems connected to the internet.


Open Source

Open source is a philosophy, with participants believing in the free and open sharing of information in pursuit of the greater common good.



A contract giving the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price.


Options Market

A public market for options, giving the buyer an option to buy or sell a cryptocurrency at a specific strike price, on or before a specific date.


Order Book

An order book comprises different key information regarding an asset.



When a cryptocurrency has been purchased by more and more investors over time, with its price increasing for an extended period of time.



When a cryptocurrency has been sold by more and more investors over time, with its price decreasing for an extended period of time.