C-D

C

 

Call Options

Call options are financial contracts that give an option buyer the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a stock, bond, commodity or other asset at a specific price.

 

Candlesticks

A candlestick chart is a graphing technique used to show changes in price over time. Each candle provides 4 points of information opening price, closing price, high, and low. Also known as “candles” for short.

 

Central Bank Digital Currency

CBDCs are digital currencies issued by a central bank whose status as legal tender depends on government regulation or law.

 

 

 

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

A central processing unit (CPU) is the part of a computer that is in charge of interpreting and executing programs and coordinating the work of all other components.

 

Centralized

A centralized organizational structure is one in which a single node or a small number of them are in control of an entire network.

 

Client

A client is software that can access and process blockchain transactions on a local computer. A common application of this is a cryptocurrency software wallet.

 

Close

Refers to the closing price; similar to the same term used in stock trading.

 

Cloud

Cloud servers are typically located throughout different data centers all over the world.

 

Cloud Mining

Cryptocurrency mining with remote processing power rented from companies.

 

Code

The action of coding is to write programming statements for a program.

 

Coin

A coin can refer to a cryptocurrency that can operate independently or to a single unit of such cryptocurrency.

 

Cold Storage

Offline storage of cryptocurrencies, typically involving hardware non-custodial wallets, USBs, offline computers, or paper wallets.

 

Cold Wallet

A cryptocurrency wallet that is in cold storage, i.e. not connected to the internet.

 

Collateralized Debt Position (CDP)

A collateralized debt position is held by locking collateral in smart contracts to generate stablecoins.

 

Collateralized Stablecoin

A “collateralized stablecoin” is a stablecoin that is entirely or almost entirely backed by collateral held in a reserve.

 

Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is an independent federal regulatory agency responsible for regulation the U.S. derivatives market.

 

Confirmation

In cryptocurrency, a confirmation is a measure of how many blocks have actually passed since a transaction was added to a blockchain.

 

Confirmations

A cryptocurrency transaction is considered confirmed when it is included in a block on the blockchain. Each new block after the first one is an additional confirmation for that transaction.

 

Consensus

Consensus is achieved when all participants of the network agree on the order and content of the blocks in the blockchain.

 

Consensus Mechanism

A consensus mechanism is an underlying technology behind the main functionalities of all blockchain technology, which makes them an essential operating feature of all cryptocurrencies.

 

Core Wallet

A core crypto wallet is able to contain the entire blockchain, rather than just a piece of a blockchain.

 

Correction

A correction is a pullback of an asset’s price of at least 10% to adjust for over-valuation.

 

Craig Wright

Craig Wright is an Australian computer scientist associated with Bitcoin SV.

Craig Wright is an Australian computer scientist that has publicly claimed to be Bitcoin inventor Satoshi Nakamoto.

 

Cross-Chain

Cross-chain is a technology that enhances the interconnection between blockchain networks by allowing the exchange of information and value.

 

Crypto Debit Card

A crypto debit card is a type of debit card that allows its holder to pay for goods and services using cryptocurrencies.

 

Cryptoasset

A cryptoasset is any digital asset that uses cryptographic technologies to maintain its operation as a currency or decentralized application.

 

Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies are digital currencies that use cryptographic technologies to secure their operation.

 

Cryptocurrency Money Laundering

Cryptocurrency money laundering is a method criminals use to legitimize and enshroud funds by changing fiat to digital currency and then routing it through many pathways. It is an attempt to lose any authorities who may be tracing the money.

 

Cryptocurrency Pairs

Exchanges utilize cryptocurrency pairs in order to facilitate the trade between different tokens.

 

Cryptographic Hash Function

Cryptographic hash functions produce a fixed-size hash value from a variable-size transaction input.

 

Cryptography

A field of study and practice to secure information, preventing third parties from reading information to which they are not privy.

 

Cryptology

Cryptology is the scientific study of cryptography as well as cryptanalysis.

 

Cypherpunk

The cypherpunk movement promotes the use of cryptography and other privacy-focused technologies to advance social and political progress.

 

D

 

Dark Web

A portion of the internet existing on darknets not indexed by search engines, that can only be accessed with specific software, configurations or authorizations.

 

Data Privacy

Data privacy refers to the area of data protection and security that is responsible for the handling of sensitive data.

 

Day Trading

Day trading is the practice of frequently buying and selling assets in order to make a profit on intraday changes in their price.

 

DeFi

A movement encouraging alternatives to traditional, centralized forms of financial services.

 

Dead Coin

A cryptocurrency that is no longer in existence.

 

Decentralized Applications (DApps)

A type of application that runs on a decentralized network, avoiding a single point of failure.

 

Decentralized Autonomous Initial Coin Offerings (DAICO)

A method for decentralized funding of projects that introduces a form of governance in the ICO process, allowing backers to vote for the return of their funds if certain conditions are met.

 

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO)

A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) is founded upon and governed by a set of computer-defined rules and blockchain-based smart contracts.

 

Decentralized Database

A decentralized database is a modern-day storage solution that combines decentralized technologies with cutting-edge computing to randomly store data and files across multiple nodes, delivering high security and unmatched availability while being completely censorship-resistant.

 

Decentralized Payment Network

A decentralized payment network refers to a system where users, customers and vendors can exchange money without having to trust any third party to keep the network secure and operational.

 

Deep Web

The "deep web" is the part of the internet that is hidden from regular search engines.

 

Deflation

A decline in the general level of prices for goods and services in an economy.

 

Delegated Proof-of-Stake (dPOS)

An alternative to the Proof-of-Stake and Proof-of-Work consensus algorithms.

 

Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack

A denial-of-service attack aims to temporarily make a computer or network service unavailable to its intended users.

 

Depth Chart

A graph that plots the requests to buy (bids) and the requests to sell (asks) on a chart, based on limit orders. The chart shows the point at which the market is most likely to accept a transaction.

 

Digital Asset

A digital asset refers to the digital representation of something of value.

 

Digital Currency

A currency that exists only in digital form, as opposed to traditional physical currencies.

 

Dip

A dip is when markets experience a short or protracted downturn.

 

Distributed Consensus

Collective agreement reached among nodes in a network.

 

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack

An attempt by a bad actor to disrupt the operation of an application, server or network by flooding it with traffic.

 

Distributed Ledger

Distributed ledgers are ledgers in which data is stored across a network of decentralized nodes. A distributed ledger does not necessarily involve a cryptocurrency and may be permissioned and private.

 

Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT)

A database that is shared by multiple participants, in multiple places. The basis for blockchains.

 

Distributed Network

A network in which the data and applications are dependent on multiple sources, as opposed to one location.

 

Diversification

Diversification is a risk-management strategy that mixes a wide variety of investments within a portfolio.

 

Dolphin

Someone with a moderate holding of cryptocurrency.

 

Dominance

A measure of Bitcoin's value in the context of the larger cryptocurrency market.

 

Dorian Nakamoto

Dorian Nakamoto is a Japanese-American physicist who some believe to be Satoshi Nakamoto.

 

Double Spending

The potential for a digital currency to be spent twice.

 

Dump

A sudden sell-off of digital assets.

 

Dumping

A collective market sell-off that occurs when large quantities of a particular cryptocurrency are sold in a short period of time.

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